The goal of the adoption proccess is “the establishment of a true family such as the one that exists between the people united by blood ties with all the rights and duties that they share. - Sentences C 562 of 1995, C. 477-1999.
According to the Article 88 of Decree 2737 of 1989 – Minor Code – The adoption concept is defined as: “A protection action under the supreme vigilance of the State, which establish in an irrevocable way, the paternal- filial relation between the people who do not have it by nature”.
Adoption is a mechanism which tries to materialize the right of the child to have a family: Therefore the institution is structured to preserve always the superior interest of the child and his rights prevail over those of the others - CP Art. 42- .
The goal of adoption is “the establishment of a true family such as the one that exists between the people united by blood ties with all the rights and duties that they share. "Because of the adoption, the adopting party is obliged to take care and assist the adoptive child, to educate him, to support him, to love him and to supply him all the necessary conditions to grow up in a welfare environment, affection and solidarity".- Sentences C 562 of 1995, C. 477-1999.
The Colombian law sets by the Minor Code the following prescriptions to be strictly fulfilled:
Neither the Colombian Family Welfare Institute nor the Authorized Institutions to develop adoption programs can collect directly or indirectly any retribution for the handling of a child who is going to be adopted. In any event, any compensation can be given to the parents because of giving their children in adoption or to perform any pressure on them to obtain their consent…”
Administrative: Followed before the ICBF to declare the child adoptable. Judicial: The adoption is decreed by a Court Order which establishes the paternal- filial relation.
The technical alignments allow to the ICBF to select the families which will guarantee for the child a balanced and safe home with a harmonic development. A high priority proceeding is given to those children with physical, mental or sensorial disabilities, groups of more than two children, native children who possess special protection and some infants older than 7 years. All of them have high priority and immediate proceeding to their family assignment.
The Colombian Political Constitution - Article Forty Four
Decree 2737 of 1989 - The Minor Code
Children Rights International Convention and Children Protection and Co-Operation Agreement in respect of Intercountry Adoption signed in The Hague Conference.
Internal Guidelines of the ICBF (Colombian Family Welfare Institute
Administrative coordination of the process corresponds to the Adoptions Group belonging to the Sub-direction of Direct Interventions of the Colombian Family Welfare Institute.
The process is solved by the Adoptions Group belonging to the Sub-direction of Direct Interventions, the ICBF Regional Offices and Agencies and Institutions authorized by the ICBF to develop adoption programs according to the residence of the requesting parties.
The adoption requests are studied and analyzed in a strict chronologic order of arrival to give the corresponding answer.
The Colombian citizen requests in Colombia and outside have preference.
Persons within 18 years old declared in abandon situation or those which adoption has been allowed previously by their parents or authorized by the family defender, when the child was not in abandon situation and lacking of a legal representative.
Also Persons within 18 years old when the adopting party has had the personal care of the adoptable before he has turned to this age. Art. 92 of the Minor Code.
The child of one of the spouses can be adopted by the other one.
The Minor Code prohibits the determined adoptions except when the adoptive is a relative of the adopting party until the third degree of consanguinity, second degree of affinity or if he was the son of the adopting party – art. 95 of the Minor Code – Also, the son of the permanent partner could be adopted.
Adoption Forms and Information Centers
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The forms have to be written in a legible way, avoiding amendments or erasures.
The family photographs must be clear. Write the full names and last names as they appear in the Birth Certificate. Write clearly the address where you wish us to send the mailing. About the child, please determine your choice on sex, race, and health state, groups of brothers or disability. Write clearly the motivation you have to adopt. In the event to have an empowered attorney, you must register his full name, address and phone number.
You can download the form in this page, please register the information in Spanish.
At the Embassies and Consulates of Colombia abroad.
With the Official Authorities of each country.
At the Adoptions Group belonging to the Sub-direction of Direct Interventions of the ICBF in Bogotá, Colombia located at Av. Carrera 68 No. 64c-75 PBX 4377670 Ext:2321-2323 Fax: Ext. 2326
Documentation Required for adoption by the ICBF and Authorized Institutions
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Adoption Request Form must be claimed in the ICBF Regional Offices and Agencies, Adoption Program Authorized Institutions – Adoption Houses – or by this site.
Birth Certificate of the requesting parties with the corresponding margin notes.
Marriage Certificate or evidence of living together in a stable long-term relationship of the Requesting parties.
In case of a marital free union, they must present documents showing their inscription in the Family Health Offices or Social Institutions. The marriage celebrated before an authority in other country must be supported by documents issued abroad, notarized within the couple address and issued with no less than three years.
Medical certificates showing clearly that the adopting parties do not have any physical or mental illness and they are capable to adopt. It has to be issued by an acknowledged entity of the Social Security System in Health – EPS or pre-paid medicine – or issued by a professional in the area legally authorized.
National Criminal background certificate of the adopting parties issued by the competent authority.Child Birth Certificate.
Salary Certificate expedited by the place where they work, showing the service time and salary earned in pesos, dollars or Euros, according to the case.
If they are independent workers, they must send a certification issued by a public accounting or copy of their last income tax return.
Social and psychological studies which ensure physical, mental, moral and social aptitude of the family.
NOTE: When there is a divorce of any of the requesting parties or a previous free marital union, the separation must be explained in the social study.
If the adopting parties are colombians living abroad, besides the above requirements they must attach:
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Certification issued by the government authority or private official authorized in which they certifies the engagement to perform a follow up of child during at least one year in the country of residence of the adopting parties.
Child permission to temporarily enter to the adoptive parents country.
Social and psychological study performed by the competent officer in the country of residence of the requesting families.
Authorization to adopt awarded by the competent authorities of the country of residence of the requesting parties.
Authorization signed by the family allowing the official translator acknowledged in Colombia follows the proceedings of translation and legalization according to the case.
All these documents must be sent in original and duly sealed. The countries which signed The Hague Conference Agreement of October 1961 voted the abolition of the requirement of the legalization of foreign public documents established in Colombia after January, 2001. Also documents could be duly notarized and authenticated in the Colombian Consulates in the respective country and then the signature legalized by the Consul of the Foreign Affairs in the country which is part of the Agreement of The Hague and translated by an accredited translator.
All the documents written in a different language to Spanish must be translated by an official translator acknowledged in Colombia and for this purpose the translator must attach the documents accrediting him as such.
Assist to workshops organized by the respective countries because the process of adoption is not about only to attach documents but the requesting parties has to be convinced of their decision.
The family answer about the acceptance or not of the adoption request will be made within the following 30 working days to the receipt from the documentation.
The approved request and documentation will enter to the approval waiting list in a strict chronologic order, until the assignment of the child family.
The appointment or the refusal of the child will be informed through the central authority, agency of adoption; lawyer or the family representative in Colombia stating the exact date in which they must come to Colombia, process takes approximately 6 weeks, time in which the adopting family must stay in the country.
During the time the parents stay in Colombia, a public server of the ICBF will accompany the family and the child in the initial process of integration, giving to them the required support.
The child and the family documents will be handled by the lawyer and paid by the family. Those will be shown before the family court.
Once the adoption is executed and the new Birth Certificate of the child with the names of the adopting parents on it is ready, they must leave the country with their child. These documents and child passport will be required to leave the country.
In the countries signatories of The Hague Agreement, a Conformity Certificate will be issued by the competent functionary of the ICBF.
Colombian Family Welfare Institute - ICBF. Entity within the Department for Social Prosperity
Avda Cra 68 No.64C-75, General Headquarters - Bogota, Colombia. PBX: (57 1) 437 76 30 - Hours: Monday to Friday 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 PM.
ICBF national line: (57 1) 018000 91 80 80 - Sexual abuse prevention line: (57 1) 018000 11 24 40 available Monday to Sunday, 24 hours.